Monique “Nickie” Marie Mauricette Wilson nee Arnoux1 (Olwen) was a Witch Queen, the High Priestess of covens in Scotland and the Isle of Man, and the heir to Gerald B. Gardner. She is perhaps best known for initiating Raymond Buckland (Robat) in 1963 and helping him spread Witchcraft to the United States. For nearly a decade, she acted as the proprietor of the late Gerald Gardner’s Museum of Witchcraft and Magic.
She enjoyed a period of media attention in Britain during the late ’60s and early ’70s— appearing on the cover of Observer magazine and being featured in National Geographic, Frontiers of Belief, and several British newspapers. Wilson suffered the enmity of some in the British Witchcraft community when she sold the museum’s collection to Ripley’s Believe it or Not, ltd. Following the sale to Ripley’s in 1973, Wilson retired to a private life in Spain where she left the public eye, taking the rights to Gardner’s literary estate with her.
Monique Wilson was born in 1923 in Haiphong, Vietnam to French parents.
She met Campbell “Scotty” Crozier Wilson (Loic), a bomber pilot for the Royal Air Force, in Hong Kong following World War II.
Campbell was a native of Scotland, born in Stirling in 1923. The two married and had a daughter named Yvette Andree Wilson, born in London in 1957.
By the early 1960s, the family was living modestly on a pea farm in Perth, Scotland while Campbell worked for the local gas board.
The Wilsons were interested in Witchcraft and the occult—later citing deep hereditary ties—and this interest led them to write to Gerald Gardner around 1960. Gardner referred the Wilsons to his friend and fellow Witch, Charles Clark, and Clark trained and initiated them.
By late 1961, Monique had founded a coven in Perth. The following year, a disagreement with Clark led Wilson to seek Gardner’s help. The two first met in person in 1962 at a Witches’ meeting, and Monique later received the third degree from Gardner.
Monique’s most influential initiate was Raymond Buckland. Buckland was born in 1934 in England and was also an RAF veteran. After reading Witchcraft Today, he started a long-distance correspondence with Gardner in the late ’50s. When Buckland and his wife Rosemary immigrated to Long Island, New York in 1962, Gardner arranged for them to act as an American contact for those who wrote him interested in Witchcraft. On November 18, 1963, Buckland traveled to Perth where Wilson trained him over a period of ten days and initiated him. The Bucklands went on to form the first American coven in 1964 and continued a correspondence with Gardner and Wilson.